WAEC Practical Specimens 2023 For All Practical

Preparing for the 2023 West African Examinations Council (WAEC) practical examinations? Then, it is crucial to know about the WAEC practical specimens for 2023, including their format, subjects, and tips for success. This article provides all the essential information you need to know about the WAEC practical specimens for 2023.


The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is a regional examination board responsible for conducting examinations in English-speaking countries in West Africa. Since its establishment in 1952, WAEC exams have been widely recognized internationally, serving as a benchmark for educational standards in the sub-region. One crucial component of the WAEC examinations is the practical specimens, which serve as a means of testing the practical knowledge and skills of candidates.

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What are WAEC practical specimens?

Practical specimens for WAEC refer to the physical items that candidates are required to identify, describe, and handle during the practical examinations. These specimens are usually associated with the subjects being tested and are meant to assess the practical abilities of the candidates. They may include biological specimens, chemicals, equipment, and other materials.

Importance of WAEC practical specimens

WAEC practical specimens serve various critical purposes, including:

  1. Assessing candidates’ practical skills, which are a vital aspect of education.
  2. Ensuring candidates have a solid grasp of the subject matter being tested, as the specimens are typically relevant to the subject.
  3. Standardizing the examination process, as all candidates must identify and manipulate the same specimens, thereby creating a level playing field.

Subjects that require WAEC practical specimens

WAEC practical specimens are required for a number of subjects, some of which are:

  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Agricultural Science
  • Further Mathematics
  • Home Management
  • Food and Nutrition
  • Clothing and Textiles
  • Visual Arts




In addition to the fittings and reagents normally found in a chemistry laboratory, the following apparatus and materials will be required by each candidate.

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(a) One Burette of 50cm3 of capacity
(b) One pipette, either 20cm3 or 25cm3 (All candidates at one center must use pipettes of the same volume, these should be clean and free from grease).
(c) The usual apparatus for titration
(d) The usual apparatus and reagents for qualitative work including the following with all reagents appropriately labeled:
(i) 10% dilute sodium hydroxide solution
(ii) dilute hydrochloric acid
(iii) dilute trioxonitrate(v) acid
(iv) silver trioxonitrate(v) acid
(v) acidified potassium dichromate solution
(vi) aqueous ammonia
(vii) lime water
(viii) red and blue litmus paper
(ix) dilute tetraoxosulphate(vi)
(x) aqueous barium chloride
(e) Spatula
(f) Filtration apparatus
(g) One beaker
(h) One boiling tube
(i) Four test tubes
(j) Starch solution indicator
(k) Glass rod
(l) Wash bottle containing distilled/deionized water
(m) Burning splint
(n) Watch glass
(o) Bunsen Burner/source of heat
(p) Droppers
(a) 150cm3 of iodine solution in a corked flask or bottle labeled ‘An’. These should all be the same containing 25.4g of I2 in 6.0g kl per dm3 of solution.

(b) 150cm3 of sodium thiosulphate pentahydrate solution in a corked flask or bottle labeled ‘Bn’. These should all be the same containing 24.82g of Na2S2O3 per dm3 of solution.

(c) One spatulaful of ammonium ferrous sulphate, (NH4)2Fe(SO4)2.6H2O in a specimen bottle labeled ‘Cn’.

This must be the same for all candidates.



Specimen A – Weevil-damaged bean seed
Specimen B – Viable bean seed
Specimen C – Dried maize grain soaked in water overnight
Specimen D – Soldier termite (dead)
Specimen E – Honeybee (dead)
Specimen F – Muddy water (in a test tube)
Specimen G – Lower jaw of a herbivore with teeth intact
Specimen H – Head of domestic fowl (complete)
Specimen J – Quill feather
Specimen K – Leg of domestic fowl (complete) Specimen L – Head of duck complete)
Specimen M – Leg of duck (complete)
NOTE: All specimens can be provided as group specimens for five (5) to ten (10) candidates
All specimens in each group must carry individual labels

(eg A, B, C, D, E, F and G in Group I). It is essential that each candidate should be provided with the following materials:

(i) glass jar cover Petri dish;
(ii) white tiles.
(iii) beaker
(iv) a hand lens/magnifying lens
(v) scalpel/razor blade/knife,
(vi) a pair of forceps
(vii) lodine solution.




-Metre rule
-Knife edge
-A piece of string
-A weighing balance
-A weight hanger
– A set of masses, M = (20g, 40g, 60g, 80g and 100g)

-Deep transparent vessel filled with water
-Vernier calipers
-Standard Masses, m = (2g, 5g and 10g)
-A piece of string
-Forceps (To be used to pick masses placed inside the boiling tube)
-Source of heating

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Additional Information:
(a) Test tube or boiling tube of the following dimensions:
Length: at least 14cm
External diameter: 2.5cm

The teacher should:
(b) Use starch to fix a strip of graph sheet marked in centimeters inside the boiling tube or test tube. The 0 centimeter mark of the scale should be at the bottom of the tube.

(c) Place sufficient amount of dry sand or lead shot in the test tube or boiling tube to make it just float, when that is done, pour it into a small polythene and seal it. Push the sealed sand or lead shot to the bottom of the tube.

-2 dry cells(1.5v each) connected in series;
-Connecting leads should be provided for the battery
-Ammeter(0 – 2A)
-Standard resistor, R of resistance 2ohms
-Connecting wires


Specimen A – Fresh centrosema plant
Specimen B – Guinea grass (fresh)
Specimen C – Palm oil (labelled)
Specimen D – Hoof
Specimen E – Horn
Specimen F – Feather
Specimen G – Common salt (labelled)
Specimen H – Maize grains
Specimen I – Powdered milk
Specimen J: Groundnut cake
Specimen K – Water (labelled)
Specimen L – Restraining rope



(1)  Great care should be taken to ensure that the information given below does not reach the candidates either directly or indirectly before the examination.

(2a) The provision of specimens, materials and equipment for the test is your responsibility.

(b) (i) Where a specimen is not readily available in the sufficient quantity, it should be shared among small groups of candidates.

(ii) Each candidate should be provided with the following specimens labeled accordingly:

A: Earthworm;
B: Termite;
C: Loamy soil;
D: Sandy soil;
E: Water trough;
F: Feed trough;
G: Egg candler; (Real/Picture/Diagram)
H: Scoop net;
I: Sugar cane;
J: Pineapple fruit (whole);
K: Ginger (whole);
L: Honey (labelled);
M: Sawdust;
N: Wood shavings;
O: Electric bulb:
P: Kerosene lamp;
Q: Charcoal pot.





The answers will be published once they are available.

Please be patient and check back later.

What is the format of WAEC practical specimens?

The format of WAEC practical specimens involves providing candidates with a list of the names and descriptions of the specimens. It is the responsibility of the candidates to identify and manipulate the specimens during the practical examination. In certain instances, candidates may be required to draw or label diagrams of the specimens.

Tips for success in WAEC practical examinations 2023/2024

If you want to succeed in the WAEC practical examinations, consider these tips:

1. Familiarize yourself with the specimens

Make sure you are familiar with the specimens and their descriptions before the examination.

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2. Practice regularly

Regular practice with past questions and specimens can help improve your practical skills.

3. Follow instructions

Read and follow all instructions carefully. This includes safety instructions and any other guidelines provided by the examiners.

4. Be organized

Organize your workspace and ensure you have all the necessary equipment and materials before starting the examination.

5. Time management

Allocate your time carefully to ensure you have enough time to complete all tasks.

6. Safety first

Always prioritize safety and follow all safety precautions when handling specimens, chemicals, and equipment.

7. Keep calm and focused

Remain calm and focused throughout the examination, and avoid rushing through tasks.

By following these tips, you can improve your chances of success in the WAEC practical examinations.


WAEC practical specimens play a vital role in testing candidates’ practical skills and knowledge during the WAEC examinations. It is crucial for students to have a clear understanding of the format of the specimens, the subjects that require them, and tips for succeeding in the practical examinations. By adhering to the suggestions provided in this article and consistently practicing, students can enhance their chances of success in the WAEC practical examinations.

Frequency Ask Questions About Weac Specimen

Here are some frequently asked questions about WAEC specimens and their answers:

1. What are WAEC practical specimens?

WAEC practical specimens refer to the practical items that candidates must identify, describe, and manipulate during the practical examinations. The specimens are typically related to the subjects being tested and are designed to test the practical skills of the candidates.

2. Which subjects require WAEC practical specimens?

Subjects that require WAEC practical specimens include Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Agricultural Science, Further Mathematics, Home Management, Food and Nutrition, Clothing and Textiles, and Visual Arts.

3. How are WAEC practical specimens formatted?

WAEC practical specimens are typically provided to candidates as a list containing the specimens’ names and descriptions. Candidates must then identify and manipulate the specimens as part of the practical examinations. In some cases, candidates may be required to draw or label diagrams of the specimens.

4. What is the importance of WAEC practical specimens?

WAEC practical specimens are important for several reasons. They help test candidates’ practical skills, ensure that candidates understand the subjects being tested, and standardize the examination process.

5. How can students succeed in the WAEC practical examinations?

To succeed in the WAEC practical examinations, students should practice regularly, understand the format of the specimens, pay attention to details, and follow all instructions carefully. It is also essential to be familiar with the subject matter being tested and to have a good understanding of scientific concepts and principles.

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