EducationWAEC NEWS

WAEC Economics Questions and Answers 2023: OBJ And Theory (Objectives & Essay)

WAEC Economics Questions and Answers 2023: OBJ And Theory (Objectives & Essay), The Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) is conducted by the West African Examination Council (WAEC) on an annual basis for students in Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and The Gambia. One of the subjects covered in this examination is economics, which consists of both objective (paper 1) and essay (paper 2) components. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide for students who are aspiring to excel in the 2023 WAEC Economics exam. It offers valuable resources such as sample questions, model answers, and useful tips to aid students in their preparation.

Overview of the Economics Exam

The 2023 WAEC Economics exam comprises two papers: Paper 1, which is the Objective paper, and Paper 2, the Essay paper. These papers are conducted on the same day. Paper 1 primarily consists of multiple-choice questions, aiming to assess students’ grasp of fundamental economic concepts. On the other hand, Paper 2 entails essay questions that demand a more in-depth analysis of economic theories and principles.

Objective Paper (Paper 1)

Below are three sample questions for the Objective Paper (Paper 1) of the 2023 WAEC Economics exam:

1. Which of the following best defines inflation?

a) Increase in the general price level
b) Decrease in the general price level
c) Stable price level over time
d) Changes in the exchange rate

2. What is the primary function of the central bank in an economy?

a) Conducting fiscal policy
b) Regulating commercial banks
c) Managing government expenditure
d) Controlling international trade

3. When the demand for a good increases while the supply remains constant, what is likely to happen to the price of the good?

a) It will increase
b) It will decrease
c) It will remain unchanged
d) It is uncertain and depends on other factors

Remember to select the correct option for each question based on your understanding of economic principles.

READ MORE:  Nasarawa State University To Launch MBBS Program In Upcoming Academic Session

Essay Paper (Paper 2)

Here are five sample essay questions for the Essay Paper (Paper 2) of the 2023 WAEC Economics exam:

1. Discuss the concept of opportunity cost and its significance in economic decision-making. Provide examples to support your explanation.

2. Analyze the factors that contribute to economic growth in a country. Discuss how these factors can be promoted and sustained over time.

3. Evaluate the impact of international trade on the domestic economy. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of engaging in international trade for a country.

4. Explain the role of government in promoting income redistribution and reducing income inequality. Discuss the various policies and measures that can be implemented to achieve these objectives.

5. Discuss the causes and consequences of unemployment in an economy. Evaluate the effectiveness of government policies in reducing unemployment rates.

When answering these essay questions, ensure that you provide a clear and well-structured argument, supported by relevant economic theories, concepts, and real-world examples.

Tips for Success in the Waec Economics Exam

Here are some helpful tips to succeed in the WAEC Economics exam:

  • Understand the Syllabus

Familiarize yourself with the WAEC Economics syllabus. It will give you a clear outline of the topics and concepts that are likely to be covered in the exam. Make sure you cover all the essential areas.

  • Review Past Papers

Practice with previous WAEC Economics exam papers to become familiar with the format and types of questions asked. This will help you understand the exam structure and improve your time management skills.

  • Study Regularly

Create a study schedule and allocate specific time for Economics revision. Consistent and regular study sessions will enhance your understanding of the subject and ensure better retention of information.

  • Master Key Concepts

Focus on understanding the fundamental economic concepts, theories, and principles. Ensure you can explain them clearly and apply them to different scenarios. This will help you tackle a wide range of questions effectively.

  • Practice Calculation Questions

Economics often involves numerical calculations, such as calculating GDP, inflation rates, or elasticities. Practice solving these calculations to enhance your skills and accuracy.

  • Develop Essay Writing Skills

For the essay paper, work on improving your essay writing skills. Practice structuring your responses, providing relevant examples, and demonstrating a clear understanding of the topic. Develop a concise introduction, coherent body paragraphs, and a strong conclusion.

  • Stay Updated

Keep up with current economic news and developments. This will enable you to relate theoretical concepts to real-world situations, enhancing your understanding and ability to provide relevant examples in your answers.

  • Seek Clarification

If you encounter any challenging topics or concepts, don’t hesitate to seek help from your teacher or classmates. Discussing difficult areas will deepen your understanding and clarify any misconceptions.

  • Time Management

During the exam, manage your time wisely. Allocate appropriate time to each section based on the marks assigned. This will ensure that you have sufficient time to attempt all questions.

  • Stay Calm and Confident

Maintain a positive mindset, and stay calm and focused during the exam. Read questions carefully, plan your answers, and avoid rushing. Believe in your preparation and trust in your abilities.

READ MORE:  How to Check 2023 WAEC Result for May/June Exam

Remember, practice, consistency, and thorough understanding of the subject are key to performing well in the WAEC Economics exam. Good luck!

Sample Objective Questions and Answers

Certainly! Here are three sample objective questions along with their answers:

1. Question: Which of the following is a characteristic of a perfectly competitive market?

a) A small number of sellers
b) Product differentiation
c) Barriers to entry
d) Price-taking behavior

Answer: D) Price-taking behavior

2. Question: What is the formula for calculating GDP (Gross Domestic Product)?

a) GDP = Consumption + Investment + Government Spending + Net Exports
b) GDP = Consumption – Investment + Government Spending – Net Exports
c) GDP = Consumption + Investment – Government Spending – Net Exports
d) GDP = Consumption – Investment – Government Spending + Net Exports

Answer: A) GDP = Consumption + Investment + Government Spending + Net Exports

3. Question: In economics, the term “inflation” refers to:

a) A decrease in the overall price level
b) A sustained increase in the overall price level
c) Price stability over time
d) Fluctuations in the exchange rate

Answer: B) A sustained increase in the overall price level

These are just a few examples of objective questions in economics. Remember to carefully read each question and select the most appropriate answer based on your knowledge of economic concepts and principles.

Sample Essay Questions and Answers

Certainly! Here are three sample essay questions along with sample answers for each:

  • 1. Essay Question

Discuss the impact of globalization on the economy of a developing country.

  • Sample Answer

Globalization has significantly influenced the economy of developing countries. One key impact is increased international trade, which opens up new markets for these nations. This can lead to economic growth through increased exports and foreign investment. Additionally, globalization facilitates the transfer of technology and knowledge, which can improve productivity and innovation. However, there are challenges associated with globalization, such as unequal distribution of benefits and potential vulnerability to global economic fluctuations. Developing countries must implement appropriate policies to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks of globalization.

  • 2. Essay Question

Explain the concept of market failure and discuss the role of government intervention in addressing market failures.

  • Sample Answer

Market failure occurs when the allocation of resources in a market does not lead to an efficient outcome. This can happen due to externalities, public goods, imperfect competition, or information asymmetry. Government intervention is necessary to address market failures and ensure economic efficiency. For example, in the case of externalities, the government can impose taxes or subsidies to internalize the costs or benefits. In the case of public goods, the government can provide them directly or subsidize their production. Government regulation and antitrust policies can address imperfect competition. Overall, government intervention plays a crucial role in correcting market failures and promoting economic welfare.

  • 3. Essay Question

Discuss the causes and consequences of income inequality in an economy.

  • Sample Answer
READ MORE:  Caleb University Admission List 2023/2024 Academic Session

Income inequality refers to the unequal distribution of income among individuals or households within an economy. Several factors contribute to income inequality, including differences in education, skills, technology, and labor market conditions. Globalization and technological advancements have also widened income gaps. The consequences of income inequality are far-reaching. It can lead to social and political unrest, hinder social mobility, and negatively impact economic growth. Additionally, income inequality can result in unequal access to quality education, healthcare, and other essential services. To address income inequality, governments can implement policies such as progressive taxation, social welfare programs, investment in education and skills training, and promoting inclusive economic growth.

Remember, these are just sample answers. When writing your essay, provide a clear introduction, develop coherent arguments supported by relevant theories and examples, and present a strong conclusion.


In conclusion, excelling in the WAEC Economics exam requires thorough preparation and a solid understanding of key economic concepts, theories, and principles. By following the provided tips, such as understanding the syllabus, practicing past papers, and developing essay writing skills, you can enhance your chances of success. Additionally, staying updated with current economic news and seeking clarification on challenging topics can further strengthen your knowledge. Remember to manage your time effectively during the exam and maintain a calm and confident mindset. With consistent effort and a strategic approach, you can perform well in the exam and achieve your desired results. Best of luck in your WAEC Economics exam!

The 2023 WAEC Economics exam holds significant importance as part of the Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE) for students across West Africa. To excel in this exam, it is essential for students to thoroughly review the syllabus, engage in practice using past questions, and develop a strong grasp of key economic concepts. Moreover, refining essay-writing skills and effectively managing time will play vital roles in achieving success in both the objective and essay papers. By dedicating sufficient effort and employing strategic study techniques, students can enhance their preparedness for the WAEC Economics exam.

No tags for this post.


LekkiTunes is an online Nigerian amazing music and entertainment home that delivers legit tunes, hot songs, booming videos, mixtapes, etc,

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button