WAEC Biology Questions and Answers 2023/2024: Objective & Essay

WAEC Biology Questions and Answers 2023

Welcome to LekkiTunes! We are delighted to present you with the comprehensive collection of WAEC Biology questions and answers for the year 2023. At LekkiTunes, we understand the importance of exam preparation, and thus, we provide you with these resources at absolutely no cost.

However, our platform not only offers repeated questions from previous WAEC Biology exams but also provides valuable insights into the way these questions are typically structured. We strive to equip you with the necessary knowledge and examination information to boost your performance.

In addition, prepare yourself for success with LekkiTunes WAEC Biology objective and theory questions. We are committed to helping you excel in your academic pursuits. Get ready to ace your upcoming WAEC Biology exam!

WAEC Objective Questions 2023.

Great news! The answers to the WAEC Biology objective and essay questions for the year 2023 are now accessible. The West African Examination Council has scheduled the WAEC Biology exam for Wednesday, 7th June 2023.

Meanwhile, the WAEC Biology 2 (Essay) paper is set to begin at 9:30 am and will have a duration of 1 hour and 40 minutes. On the other hand, the Biology 1 (Objective) exam will commence at 11:10 am and will last for 50 minutes.

Furthermore, prepare yourself accordingly and make sure to manage your time effectively during the exams. Best of luck as you tackle the WAEC Biology exam!




WAEC Biology Questions and Answers 2023, In addition to the objective section, the Biology exam also includes a theory component. This section of the exam provides candidates with one hour and forty minutes to complete. It is divided into two parts, commonly referred to as Part 1 and Part 2.

In Part 1, all the questions are compulsory, meaning that candidates must answer every question in this section. The questions in Part 1 cover a range of topics and require thorough knowledge and understanding of biology concepts.

Part 2 of the exam offers candidates some flexibility. Here, candidates are given the option to choose two questions from the section and provide well-constructed answers. This allows candidates to focus on the topics they feel most confident in and demonstrate their depth of knowledge in those areas.

waec biology theory questions 2023

Waec biology theory questions are a type of examination questions that require a written response to demonstrate knowledge and understanding of biological concepts, principles, and theories. These questions typically involve explaining biological processes, describing structures and functions of biological components, analyzing experimental data, and discussing relationships between various biological phenomena. The purpose of biology theory questions is to assess a student’s comprehension and application of biological theories and their ability to articulate their understanding in a written format.

Review of WAEC Biology Objectives 2023/2024

The WAEC Biology examination for the year 2023 is structured into two sections, namely Section A and Section B. Section A consists of objective questions, typically comprising around 60 questions. On the other hand, Section B consists of essay questions, usually ranging from 6 to 7 questions.

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Again, we present the WAEC Biology questions and answers for your reference and preparation.

1. Question: What is the function of the mitochondria in a cell?
Answer: The mitochondria are responsible for generating energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration.

2. Question: What is the role of the ribosomes in protein synthesis?
Answer: Ribosomes are the cellular structures where protein synthesis occurs. They read the mRNA and assemble amino acids to form proteins.

3. Question: What is the process by which plants convert sunlight into chemical energy?
Answer: Plants perform photosynthesis, a process in which they use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to produce glucose and oxygen.

4. Question: What is the purpose of the circulatory system in humans?
Answer: The circulatory system transports oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and other essential substances throughout the body. It also helps in removing waste products.

5. Question: Name the two main types of nucleic acids found in cells.
Answer: The two main types of nucleic acids are DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and RNA (ribonucleic acid). DNA carries genetic information, while RNA plays a role in protein synthesis.

Lastly, please note that these are sample questions, and the actual WAEC Biology exam may have different questions. It is recommended to study the complete syllabus and refer to official study materials for thorough preparation.

2023/2024 Biology Questions and Answers (Theory Paper 1)

Below are the Biology questions and answers for the 2023/2024 Theory Paper 1:

  • Question 1:

Explain the process of mitosis in detail.

Mitosis is a vital cellular process that results in the formation of two identical daughter cells. It consists of several distinct stages: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

During prophase, the chromatin condenses into chromosomes, and the nuclear envelope starts to disintegrate. The centrioles move towards opposite poles, and spindle fibers begin to form.

However, In metaphase, the chromosomes align along the equatorial plane of the cell. The spindle fibers attach to the centromeres of each chromosome, ensuring their proper positioning.

During anaphase, the sister chromatids separate and are pulled towards opposite poles by the shortening of the spindle fibers. This ensures that each daughter cell will receive an identical set of chromosomes.

Finally, in telophase, the chromosomes reach the poles of the cell. The nuclear envelope reforms around each set of chromosomes, and the spindle fibers disassemble. Cytokinesis, the division of the cytoplasm, follows, resulting in the formation of two individual daughter cells.

  • Question 2:

Discuss the structure and function of the human respiratory system.

The human respiratory system is responsible for the exchange of gases, facilitating the intake of oxygen and the removal of carbon dioxide. It consists of several key components, including the nasal cavity, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs.

Furthermore, the respiratory process begins with inhalation, where air enters through the nasal cavity or mouth. The air then passes through the trachea, which branches into the bronchi, further dividing into smaller bronchioles within the lungs. These bronchioles terminate in tiny air sacs called alveoli, which are the main sites of gas exchange.

Finally, the diaphragm, a dome-shaped muscle at the base of the lungs, plays a crucial role in respiration. It contracts during inhalation, expanding the thoracic cavity and causing the lungs to expand, while relaxation of the diaphragm during exhalation allows for the expulsion of air.

  • Question 3:

Describe the process of photosynthesis and its importance to plants and ecosystems.

Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria convert sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water into glucose (a form of chemical energy) and oxygen. It occurs in the chloroplasts, specifically in the chlorophyll-containing cells of plant leaves.

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However, during photosynthesis, light energy is absorbed by chlorophyll, which energizes electrons in the chlorophyll molecule. These energized electrons participate in a series of complex reactions that ultimately produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which is the energy currency of the cell.

Again in simultaneously, water molecules are split, releasing oxygen as a byproduct. The released oxygen is crucial for sustaining aerobic life on Earth. The carbon dioxide taken in from the atmosphere is used to build glucose through a series of enzymatic reactions known as the Calvin cycle.

  • Question 4:

Explain the process of protein synthesis in cells.

Protein synthesis is a fundamental process in cells that involves the production of proteins, which are essential for various cellular functions. It occurs in two main stages: transcription and translation.

During transcription, the DNA sequence in the nucleus is transcribed into a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule. The enzyme RNA polymerase binds to a specific region of DNA called the promoter, unwinds the DNA double helix, and synthesizes a complementary RNA strand based on the DNA template. The mRNA molecule is synthesized in the 5′ to 3′ direction and contains the genetic information encoded in the DNA.

Key Biology Questions to Remember

  1. What is the function of the cell membrane in a cell?
  2. Describe the process of DNA replication.
  3. Explain the difference between mitosis and meiosis.
  4. Discuss the structure and function of enzymes in biochemical reactions.
  5. How does the endocrine system regulate body processes?
  6. Describe the stages of the cell cycle.
  7. Explain the concept of natural selection and its role in evolution.
  8. Discuss the structure and function of different types of biomolecules (proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids).
  9. How does the immune system protect the body against pathogens?
  10. Describe the process of photosynthesis and its importance in ecosystems.
  11. Explain the concept of homeostasis and provide examples of how it is maintained in the human body.
  12. Discuss the different types of ecological relationships (predation, competition, mutualism, etc.).
  13. How does the nervous system transmit signals in the body?
  14. Describe the process of respiration in both plants and animals.
  15. Explain the role of DNA in inheritance and the principles of genetics.

Crucial Strategies for Excelling in WAEC Biology Exam Questions 2023/2024

Strategies for Successfully Tackling WAEC Biology Exam Questions 2023/2024

However, preparing for the WAEC Biology exam requires a strategic approach to ensure a confident and successful performance. Here are some valuable tips to help you navigate the exam and maximize your chances of achieving excellent results:

  1. Practice past exam questions: Solve as many past WAEC Biology exam questions as possible. This will give you an idea of the question format, level of difficulty, and the areas where you need to improve. Practice will also enhance your time management skills.
  2. Understand the question requirements: Read each question carefully and make sure you understand what is being asked. Pay attention to keywords, such as “describe,” “explain,” or “compare,” and tailor your response accordingly.
  3. Plan your time effectively: Allocate a specific amount of time to each section of the exam, considering the number of questions and their respective marks. Stick to your time allocation to ensure you can complete the entire exam within the given time limit.
  4. Use the mark allocation as a guide: Take note of the marks assigned to each question. Generally, questions with higher marks require more detailed and comprehensive answers. Allocate your time accordingly and prioritize answering high-mark questions.
  5. Organize your answers: Present your answers in a clear and organized manner. Use headings, subheadings, and bullet points where appropriate to enhance readability. This will help the examiner understand your response and increase your chances of earning full marks.
  6. Provide relevant examples: Where applicable, support your answers with relevant examples or case studies. This demonstrates a deeper understanding of the topic and can earn you additional marks.
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Biology WAEC Questions and Answers

The answers to the WAEC Biology objective and essay questions for the year 2023 are now accessible. The West African Examination Council has scheduled the Biology exam paper to be written on Wednesday, 7th June 2023.

Nevertheless, the WAEC Biology 2 (Essay) paper will commence at 9:30 am and will have a duration of 1 hour and 40 minutes. On the other hand, the Biology 1 (Objective) exam will begin at 11:10 am and will last for 50 minutes.

Guide to Achieving Distinctions (A1) in WAEC Biology Exams 2023

Scoring a distinction (A1) in the WAEC Biology exam requires thorough preparation, effective study strategies, and a strong understanding of key concepts. Here is a comprehensive guide to help you aim for the highest grade in your WAEC Biology exam:

  1. Understand the Syllabus: Familiarize yourself with the WAEC Biology syllabus, which outlines the topics and subtopics to be covered in the exam. Ensure you have a solid grasp of all the required knowledge areas.
  2. Create a Study Plan: Develop a study plan that allocates sufficient time to each topic. Create a schedule that allows for regular and consistent study sessions, ensuring all topics are adequately covered before the exam.
  3. Review Textbooks and Study Materials: Utilize approved textbooks, reference materials, and past question papers to enhance your understanding of key concepts. Take detailed notes and highlight important information for easy revision.
  4. Practice Past Questions: Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern by practicing past WAEC Biology questions. This will help you understand the question format, improve your time management skills, and identify areas where you need more practice.
  5. Develop Conceptual Understanding: Focus on developing a strong conceptual understanding of biology rather than memorizing facts. Try to relate different topics and understand how they are interconnected, as this will help you apply your knowledge to different scenarios.
  6. Use Visual Aids: Utilize visual aids such as diagrams, flowcharts, and concept maps to better understand complex biological processes. Visual representations can help you visualize and recall information more effectively.
  7. Seek Clarification: If you encounter any difficulties or have doubts about specific topics, seek clarification from your teachers or classmates. Engaging in discussions and asking questions will deepen your understanding and clear any misconceptions.


In conclusion, the Biology exam is an important component of the WAEC examination. It consists of both objective and theory sections, with the theory section being divided into two parts: Part 1 and Part 2. Part 1 requires candidates to answer all the questions, while in Part 2, candidates can choose two questions to answer.

To excel in the Biology exam, it is crucial to have a strong understanding of the subject matter, thorough preparation, and effective study strategies. Familiarize yourself with the syllabus, practice past questions, and develop a solid conceptual understanding of key biology concepts.

During the exam, carefully read and understand each question, organize your answers in a clear and logical manner, and provide relevant examples and accurate scientific terminology. Time management is essential, so allocate your time wisely and review your answers before submitting them.

By following these guidelines and approaching the exam with confidence, you can increase your chances of achieving excellent results in the WAEC Biology exam. Good luck in your preparation and may you achieve the distinction you desire!


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