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Civic Education Expo For WAEC GCE 2023 Exam Questions and Answers [November 18th]

WAEC has slated the commencement of the 2023 GCE Civic Education paper for November 18th.

WAEC GCEWAEC GCE Civic Education 2023 Expo Questions and Answers?

Attention is drawn to candidates seeking Waec GCE Civic Education 2023 Questions And Answers, Waec GCE Civic Education 2023 Questions And Answers, Waec gce Civic Education Expo 2023, Waec gce civic education question 2023, Waec gce civic education answer 2023 and etc. including information on the Expo, questions, and answers.

WAEC GCE Civic Education 2023 Questions And Answers

Explore the steps and prerequisites to obtain these materials before the exam.

Within this segment, a comprehensive guide awaits you, outlining the essential steps and prerequisites essential for acquiring the Waec GCE Civic Education 2023 Questions And Answers ahead of the exam. Delve into the details to ensure a thorough understanding of the process, facilitating your preparation for the upcoming examination.

GCE Expo 18 November 2023
WAEC GCE Civic Education 2023
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Civic Education for WAEC GCE 2023

2023 Waec GCE Civic Education Expo For November

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Past Waec GCE Civic Education Answers 2023

Civic Education Objective

  • 1-10: CCDDCBCBAD
  • 11-20: CBCDDCCCCD
  • 21-30: CCAAACDCBC
  • 31-40: AABBAACCAA




Below are the answers of Number 1,2,3,5,6,7 Questions of 2021 Answers.


He founded different newspapers to help propagate nationalism in Nigeria. And Zik group established these newspapers in politically and economically important cities throughout the country to whip up the interest and enthusiasm of the populace as well as the direction of the independence struggle.


He co-founded the National Council of Nigeria and Cameroons (NCNC) which played an active role in the struggle for Nigeria’s independence. And Zik’s opposition to Richards’ constitution of 1946 which sought to increase only by four, African representations on the Legislative Council with the rest being nominated by the Governor.


His opposition to Richard’s constitution led to the promulgation of Macpherson constitution. And He toured the country to raise funds to lead a delegation to London and USA to plead the case of his party for self government for Nigeria.


He gave his support to the general strike in 1945. And He influenced nationalist struggle through the publication of several books e.g. Development of Political parties in Nigeria 1958, Economic reconstruction in Nigeria 1943.

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As Member of Parliament 1947-1950, he joined others to ensure that Nigeria gain self government. And He joined Nigerian Youth Movement (NYM) with others to open the floodgate for nationalism in Nigeria.


responsible parenthood is simply defined as the “will” and ability of parents to respect and do the needs and aspirations of the family and children. In other words It is the ability of a parent to detect the need, happiness and desire of the children and helping them to become responsible and reasonable children.


(i) Education: Education is the right of every child. It is one of the responsibility of parents to their children. Education is power, and giving a child a quality education is the greatest gift every parents can give to their children.

(ii) Good Home Training: This covers wide range of character moulding, attitudinal shaping and inculcating of moral ethical and societal value to the children, home/family as the agent of socialization has to inculcate love, respect, friendliness, hospitality as well as national ethnic of discipline to the children.

(iii) Respecting The Child’s Feeling: Some parents have an attitude of talking about their children, especially their unpleasant habits, in front of others.

(iv) Providing For The Household: The parents ought to or suppose to provide shelter, food, cloth, medical care, spiritual care, education and social needs for their family.

(v) Caring: Caring is been kind, helpful and showing that you care about other people. So parents should look after and care for their household in providing what their children needs for their health and protections.

(vi) Building Positive Concept In Your Children: It is the role or duty of responsible parents to build self esteem in their children.



(i) Dialogue: the opposing communities can meet to map out or work out how to resolve the differences or disputes between them.
(ii) Mediation: the government can set up special panel to mediate between communities in conflict.
(iii) Reconciliation: this is the process of bringing the conflicting parties together for peace talk.


(i) Honesty: This is ability of one being honest, truthful, sincere. An honest person do not lie, cheat – therefore, it promotes interpersonal relationship of people with others.

(ii) Kindness: An ability of being kind, friendly, generous, considerate. It brings about good behaviour, charitable and concern about others. It promote interpersonal relationship.

(iii) Tolerance: This is recognizing individual differences in a society, respect the beliefs and practices of other citizens. It cherish the uniqueness of people.

(iv) Caring: This means felling empathy and concern for others. This has to do with time, attention, kindness and being generosity to others needs. Ability of providing others with what they need and what they are willing to have showing interest on the welfare of others. And it promote interpersonal relationship in the society.

(v) Patience: This is an ability to accept delay or trouble calmly. It requires self-control. It does not do quick criticizing, complaining or condemn others instead he seek for peace and solution to problems.

(vi) Forgiveness: Is the ability of one or an individual to forgive one another



Human Trafficking is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of people through force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them for profit


(i) Physical and emotional abuse

(ii) Threats

(iii) Deception


(i) Mental trauma: Victims of human trafficking can experience devastating psychological effects during and after their trafficking experience. Many survivors may end up experiencing post-traumatic stress, difficulty in relationships, depression, memory loss, anxiety, fear, guilt, shame, and other severe forms of mental trauma.

(ii) Physical trauma: Many victims also experience physical injuries. Those who have been sexually exploited are often abused by their traffickers and customers. They may be raped, beaten, and subjected to abuse over a long period of time. There is also a higher risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases, infections, diabetes, cancer, and other illnesses.

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(iii) Exploitation and deprivation: The process and act of trafficking usually lead to exploitation of those trafficked. In most cases a large proportion of financial benefits derived from the act is taken by the financiers and agents.

(iv) Insecurity: The operations of organised criminal groups, whose illicit activities often extend beyond trafficking, can have serious implications for national security.



Community service is unpaid work performed by a person or group of people for the benefit and betterment of their community without any form of compensation.


I. Promote political development
ii. Promote peace and unity
iii. Enhancement of security.
iv. Promotion of inter communal/tribal marriage
v. Promotion of Economic progress…



government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government normally consists of legislature, executive, and judiciary


(i)They should ensure a secure and stable environment to enable free trade, innovation, development and production through securing our national borders, and protecting against internal threats such as racketeering, intimidation, violence and corruption, and defend the country from any external threat to our way of life.

(ii)They should enable the citizens of the country to better themselves in every possible way thought quality education by the means of creating quality infrastructure such as housing and roads; delivering basic services like running water and electricity to each home and telecommunication for further development in regards with education.

(iii)They should not be allowed to have parastatals like Eskom or Telkom, any funding which the Government give to public enterprise ventures should be seen as loans after an in depth due diligence report was drawn up, and there must be little or no interest.

(iv)Financial institutions should be regulated in regards with the amount of personal loans they give out to an individual, and the interest charged on these loans, as well as keep an eye on bank administrative charges.

(v)Lastly, the salaries of serving political figures and leading figures in the public sector like the police and defence force should be voted on by the public themselves.

(vi)To handle the State affairs and to facilitate public. In other words to create Job and health for public.

How To Get Waec Gce Civic Education 2023 Questions And Answers

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SUBJECTWAEC GCE Civic Education 2023 Answers
EXAM DATE18th November 2023
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Waec GCE Civic Education Expo 2023

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC GCE) has set the commencement date for the Civic Education paper to be in 18th November 2023.

What is the civic education?

Civic education encompasses the instructional process aimed at fostering an understanding of civic values, responsibilities, and participation in societal affairs. It equips individuals with the knowledge and skills needed to engage actively in their communities, emphasizing concepts such as citizenship, democracy, and civic duties. Through civic education, individuals gain insights into the functioning of government, ethical decision-making, and the significance of contributing positively to the broader social fabric.

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What are the rights of citizens?

Citizens typically enjoy a range of rights, which may vary depending on the country. Common rights include:

  1. Freedom of Expression:
    The right to express opinions and ideas freely.
  2. Right to Life:
    Protection against arbitrary deprivation of life.
  3. Right to Liberty and Security:
    Protection against arbitrary arrest or detention.
  4. Right to Privacy:
    Safeguarding personal information and private life.
  5. Right to Equality:
    Protection against discrimination based on factors like race, gender, or religion.
  6. Right to Work:
    The right to pursue a chosen profession or occupation.
  7. Right to Education:
    Access to education without discrimination.
  8. Right to Health:
    Access to healthcare services.
  9. Right to a Fair Trial: Fair and public hearing within a reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal.
  10. Right to Vote:
    Participating in the electoral process.

These rights, among others, form the foundation for individuals to live with dignity, freedom, and equality within a society. The specific rights can vary, so it’s important to refer to the legal framework of a particular country for detailed information.

What is the role of citizens in a democracy?

Citizens play pivotal roles in a democracy, actively contributing to the functioning and vitality of the system. Key roles include:

Civic Engagement:Actively engaging in community affairs, expressing opinions, and participating in discussions on public issues.
Volunteering:Contributing time and effort to community service and volunteer activities that benefit society.
Advocacy:Advocating for specific causes, policies, or changes that align with their values and beliefs.
Respecting Laws:Adhering to and respecting the rule of law, promoting a sense of order and justice within the society.
Civic Education:Seeking knowledge about civic responsibilities, staying informed about current events, and understanding how the government operates.
Responsibility for Common Good:Recognizing and acting in the interest of the collective well-being rather than just personal interests.
Participation in Public Discourse:Engaging in public discourse and debates to contribute diverse perspectives and ideas.
Holding Government Accountable:Holding government officials accountable for their actions and decisions through mechanisms like the media and public scrutiny.
Voting:Citizens participate in regular elections to choose representatives and leaders, shaping the direction of the government.
Peaceful Protest:Expressing dissent through peaceful protests and demonstrations.
Role of citizens in a democracy

In essence, citizens are the foundation of a democracy, and their active involvement is essential for the system to thrive and represent the interests of the people.

The main purpose of civic education in Nigeria

The main purpose of civic education in Nigeria is to instill a sense of civic responsibility, patriotism, and active citizenship among its populace. Key objectives include:

Promoting Civic Knowledge:Providing citizens with a comprehensive understanding of their rights, responsibilities, and the structure of the government.
Fostering Civic Values:Instilling values such as tolerance, respect for diversity, justice, and a commitment to the common good.
Encouraging Active Participation:Motivating citizens to actively engage in civic and community activities, including voting, volunteerism, and public discourse.
Cultivating Democratic Principles:Nurturing an appreciation for democratic principles such as rule of law, accountability, transparency, and the protection of human rights.
Building National Identity:Reinforcing a sense of national identity and pride, fostering unity in diversity among the diverse ethnic and cultural groups in Nigeria.
Enhancing Critical Thinking:Developing critical thinking skills to enable citizens to analyze and assess information, make informed decisions, and participate meaningfully in the democratic process.
Strengthening Social Cohesion:Facilitating the understanding and acceptance of diversity, fostering social cohesion and harmony within the society.
Preparing for Responsible Citizenship:Equipping individuals with the skills and knowledge needed to be responsible, informed, and active participants in their communities and the nation at large.

Civic education in Nigeria serves as a foundation for building an informed and engaged citizenry, essential for the success and sustainability of the democratic system.

How to improve civic education in Nigeria.

Improving civic education in Nigeria requires a multifaceted approach. Here are practical steps:

  1. Curriculum Enhancement:
  • Review and update the civic education curriculum to ensure it covers relevant topics.
  • Integrate practical, real-world examples to make lessons more engaging.
  1. Teacher Training:
  • Provide ongoing training for teachers in civic education methodologies.
  • Encourage the development of teaching resources and materials.
  1. Technology Integration:
  • Leverage technology for interactive lessons, online resources, and e-learning platforms.
  • Ensure accessibility to technology in schools, especially in underserved areas.
  1. Community Involvement:
  • Foster partnerships between schools and local communities.
  • Organize community events, workshops, and guest lectures on civic issues.
  1. Student Engagement:
  • Encourage student-led initiatives, such as clubs and projects focusing on civic engagement.
  • Organize debates, mock elections, and other interactive activities.
  1. Civic Education Campaigns:
  • Launch public awareness campaigns to highlight the importance of civic education.
  • Collaborate with media outlets for widespread dissemination of civic education messages.
  1. Public-Private Partnerships:
  • Seek partnerships with private organizations, NGOs, and civic groups.
  • Tap into private sector resources for funding, expertise, and support.
  1. Civic Education Centers:
  • Establish dedicated civic education centers or hubs in strategic locations.
  • Provide resources, workshops, and events to facilitate civic learning.
  1. Incorporate Local Context:
  • Tailor civic education content to reflect local cultures, traditions, and political contexts.
  • Include case studies and examples relevant to Nigeria’s unique circumstances.
  1. Continuous Evaluation:
    • Regularly assess the effectiveness of civic education programs.
    • Use feedback from teachers, students, and the community to make improvements.
  2. Government Support:
    • Allocate sufficient resources to civic education programs.

By implementing these strategies, Nigeria can create a more robust civic education system, empowering citizens to actively participate in democratic processes and contribute to the nation’s development.


In conclusion, the improvement of civic education in Nigeria is crucial for building an informed, engaged, and responsible citizenry. To achieve this goal, it is recommended to:

  1. Continuously update and enhance the civic education curriculum, ensuring it remains relevant and addresses current societal issues.
  2. Provide comprehensive training for teachers in civic education methodologies, equipping them with the skills to effectively impart civic knowledge to students.
  3. Embrace technology to make civic education more engaging and accessible, incorporating online resources and interactive platforms.
  4. Foster community involvement by creating partnerships between schools and local communities, organizing events, and involving community leaders.
  5. Encourage active student engagement through participatory activities, such as debates, mock elections, and community projects.
  6. Conduct public awareness campaigns to emphasize the importance of civic education and its role in building a strong democracy.
  7. Establish public-private partnerships to garner additional resources, expertise, and support for civic education initiatives.
  8. Develop dedicated civic education centers or hubs that provide accessible resources, workshops, and events for continuous civic learning.
  9. Tailor civic education content to incorporate local contexts, cultures, and traditions, making it more relatable and meaningful to Nigerian citizens.
  10. Implement continuous evaluation mechanisms to assess the effectiveness of civic education programs and make necessary improvements.
  11. Ensure strong government support by allocating adequate resources and implementing policies that prioritize and strengthen civic education within the national education system.

By adopting these measures, Nigeria can significantly enhance civic education, contributing to the development of responsible and active citizens who play integral roles in the nation’s democratic processes and progress.


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